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Gothabilly

deutsch

Gothabilly ist ein Musik- und Modestil, dessen Wurzeln in der Gothic- und der Rockabilly-Subkultur liegen. Thematisch werden – in zumeist ironischer Form – Horror-Kitsch, Schauerromane, 1950er Jahre-Retroästhetik, Splatter aber mitunter auch Romantik und Okkultismusbehandelt.

Geschichte

Der Begriff Gothabilly wurde angeblich erstmals in den 1970er Jahren von der US-Band The Cramps verwandt, um ihren eigenen Musikstil zu beschreiben[1]. Als Vorläufer kann auch der ebenso in der Psychobilly Szene verehrte Screaming Lord Sutch gelten welcher bereits in den 1960er Jahren Rock ’n’ Roll mit Psychedelic und schwarzem Humor verband. Innerhalb der frühen britischen Gothic Punk Bewegung gab es bereits eine Reihe von Gruppen, unter anderem The Batfish Boys, The Birthday Party, Bone Orchard, The Damned, Turkey Bones & The Wild Dogs und teilweise Danielle Dax, Fields of the Nephilim, Fur Bible und Alien Sex Fiend welche Rockabilly und Country Elemente verarbeiteten. In den Vereinigten Staaten gingen unter anderem Gun Club, E. J. Wells, Elvis Hitler und Radio Werewolf einen ähnlichen Weg, in Deutschland die, stark von den Cramps inspirierten, Der Fluch. Etablieren konnte sich „Gothabilly“ als Genrebegriff jedoch erst mit der Veröffentlichung einer gleichnamigen Samplerreihe,[2][3] welche jedoch auch Künstler aus den Sparten Psychobilly,Punkabilly, Hellbilly, Alternative Country oder Goth Country enthielt.

Verwandtschaften 

Der Musikstil mischt Gothic Punk- und Gothic Rock-Elemente mit dem treibenden Bass des Rockabilly oder Elementen des Hillbilly bzw. Country. Eine strenge Abgrenzung zu Gothic Punk, Psychobilly, Deathrock und Horror Punk ist in vielen Fällen kaum möglich, da es immer wieder Überschneidungen zwischen den Genres gibt oder Bands verschiedene Stile bedienen.

Verbreitung

Gothabilly ist vor allem im Westen der Vereinigten Staaten anzutreffen, vornehmlich in Kalifornien. Um die Jahrtausendwende gab es auch eine wahrnehmbare Gothabilly-Welle in den Südstaaten der Vereinigten Staaten. Allerdings fand er auch in Westeuropa undSkandinavien Verbreitung. Da die Szene (nahezu) identisch mit der Psychobilly-Szene ist, ist die Musik eigentlich auch überall dort anzutreffen, wo es Psychobillies gibt, zudem ist der Stil bei Gothic-Punks und Horror-Punks oft beliebt.

Beispielbands

·         Bobby Joe Thorazine

·         Coffindraggers

·         The Coffinshakers

·         Cult of the Psychic Fetus

·         Deadbillys

·         Deadbolt

·         Demented Scumcats

·         Fields of the Nephilim (Frühphase)

·         The Ghastly Ones

·         Ghoultown

·         The Hammerdowns

·         Hotrod Frankie

·         Miguel and the Living Dead

·         Mr. Badwrench

·         The Phantom Chords

·         Proyecto Macabro

·         Psychonauts

·         Tchiki Boum

·         Those Poor Bastards

·         The Undead Syncopators

·         Wall of Voodoo

·         Zombina and The Skeletones (nur teilweise)

·         Zombie Ghost Train

Literatur

·         Raven Digitalis: Goth Craft: The Magickal Side of Dark Culture. Llewellyn Worldwide, Woodbury, Minnesota, USA 2007, S. 27 (online)

Quelle: Wikipedia

englisch

Gothabilly (sometimes hellbilly[1]), is one of several music and cultural subgenres of rockabilly. The name is a portmanteau word that combines gothic and rockabilly. The earliest known use of the word gothabilly was by The Cramps in the late 1970s, to describe their blend of somber, rockabilly-influenced punk rock.[1][2] Since then the term has come to describe a fashion and music trend that bridges both the gothic and rockabilly subcultures.

History

In the late 1970s, The Cramps helped to create a proto-gothabilly subgenre.[citation needed] However, the term gothabilly was not popularized until the release of a series of international gothabilly compilation albums released by Skully Records in the mid-1990s.[3][4]

Although the term is attributed to The Cramps, their musical style is closer in formula to the surf rock sound of the early 1960s combined with the traditional "12-bar blues" format than to 1950s rockabilly rhythms and vocal styles.[citation needed] Occasionally, they have been associated with gothic rock primarily because of their use of fetish clothing and outlandish makeup, including heavy, dark eyeliner on both male and female members of the band, which is also popular in the gothic subculture.[5] The Cramps are considered to be equally influential to thepsychobilly genre.[6]

Gothabilly is particularly active in the western portion of the United States, with many of today's bands originating in California.[7]

Musical style

Gothabilly is a musical subgenre that developed from mixing the gothic subculture with rockabilly music. Gothabilly retains the country music and blues influences of rockabilly but adds aspects of punk rock and gothic rock to create a distinct combination of styles.[citation needed] The gothabilly sound was defined in the mid-1980s embodied by a slower tempo and melancholy ambience with romantic, literary, occult and religious themes. More recent adopters had brought a faster pace and horror themes often with a humorous or comic attitude with deliberately cheesy themes, such as camp 1960s monster movies and the television shows like The Addams Family and The Munsters.[citation needed]

Gothabilly is frequently viewed as a sub-sect of the psychobilly subgenre, as both use the upright double bass and simple rhythms of rockabilly chord progressions and incorporating punk influences.[citation needed] However, gothabilly differs from psychobilly in that gothabilly lacks much of psychobilly's aggression and incorporates aspects of gothic music such as jangly guitars drowned in reverb, rolling jungle drums, organs, and tends to be slower and more atmosphere-oriented.[citation needed] While both incorporate monsters, ghosts and other horror imagery and themes, gothabilly adds aspects of the romantic and paranormal.[citation needed]

Fashion

Gothabilly style is a tongue-in-cheek play on 1950s-inspired kitsch aesthetics of the rockabilly subculture, but with a dark gothic influence, blending retro rock and roll fashions with the somber features of goth.[citation needed]Bands such as The Cramps were more influential as visual icons and stylistic archetypes than for their musical contribution to the gothabilly genre.[citation needed]

The gothabilly wardrobe incorporates some style elements from the retro culture revival, including: stylized flames, 1950s' tattoo imagery, animal prints, creeper shoes, cherry accessories and ubiquitous polka dot clothes, pencil skirts, fishnet stockings and high heels, all popular in both the rockabilly and psychobilly scenes.[citation needed] The goth influence can be seen in the softer textures of black silks, satins, lace and velvet, corsets, top hats, antiquejewelry, PVC, and leather.[1]

Culture

The term gothabilly is used not only to describe a musical genre but a fashion and a lifestyle as well.[citation needed] Gothabilly and psychobilly both enjoy the sound of the double bass and share interests in B-rated horror movies, kitsch, hot rods (especially hearses), vintage fashion, the macabre and all things noir.[citation needed]

The gothabilly subculture, while still comparatively small, is spreading through internet communities, blogs and chats as well as concerts and other social events around the world.[1][7]

Quelle: Wikipedia

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